Hindi is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, and it has a rich and vibrant history. For many people, learning Hindi can be a difficult task due to its complex writing system. 

Knowing how many vowels and consonants there are in Hindi is an important step for anyone trying to learn the language. 

Consonants Vowels In Hindi
Consonants & Vowels In Hindi Language

In this article, we’ll provide an update on how many vowels and consonants there are in Hindi, as well as explain some of their uses.

Total = 52

Consonants 39
Vowels 13

How Many Vowels In Hindi?

When it comes to the question of how many vowels are in Hindi, the answer is 13. This number is greater than that of some other languages, making Hindi one of the most versatile and expressive languages in terms of vocalisation. 

13 Vowels 

अ आ इ ई उ ऊ ए ऐ ओ औ ऋ, अं (Anusvara),अ: (Visarg)

These vowels are all essential for forming words correctly; they help us create different shades of meaning by varying their length or inserting an “h” before them.

The use of these thirteen vowels is not limited to just spoken language either; they can also be seen written in Devanagari script which is used for literary works such as poetry or stories.

How Many Consonants In Hindi?

Hindi is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world and has a rich culture behind it.

3 types Consonants 

  • Basic Consonants – 33
  • Combined Consonants – 4
  • Binary Consonant – 2
  • Total = (33 + 4 + 2 ) = 39.

Basic Consonants – 33

क ख ग घ ड़, च छ ज झ ञ, ट ठ ड ढ ण, त थ द ध न, प फ ब भ म, य र ल व, श ष स ह.

Combined Consonants – 4

क्ष त्र ज्ञ श्र.

Binary Consonant – 2

ड़ ढ़

Knowing how many consonants are present in Hindi can be an interesting challenge for language learners. In total, there are 39 consonants in the Hindi language, both simple and complex. 

How Many Total Letters In Hindi?

Hindi is one of the most widely spoken languages in India and has a rich literary tradition. It is also used as an official language in several countries across the world. But how many total letters are there in Hindi?

In Total = 13 Vowels + 33 Consonants + 4 Combined consonants + 2 Binary consonant = 52 Alphabets.

The answer to this question depends on which writing system is being used; Devanagari or the Roman script. There are 52 letters in Hindi when written with Devanagari, including 39 consonants and 13 vowels. 

What Is the Definition of Vowels In The Hindi Alphabet?

Vowels are the most important part of any language. In the Hindi alphabet, the term ‘vowel’ refers to a speech sound produced without obstruction or audible friction in the mouth. 

There are 13 vowels in the Hindi alphabet, each represented by a unique symbol and each with its own distinct pronunciation. 

What is the Consonant of Vowels In The Hindi Alphabet?

The Hindi alphabet is an ancient language of India with 33 consonants that are used to form words. Understanding the consonants in the Hindi alphabet is essential for those who want to learn and understand this language.

The 33 consonants, also known as ‘vyanjan varṇa’, are an important part of the language and are often used alongside vowels to create syllables.

The consonant of the vowels in the Hindi Alpha is a speech sound produced by human beings when the breath that flows out through the mouth is blocked. 

It involves pressing or raising part of the tongue against the roof of the mouth, teeth, lips or palate to create a blockage. This blockage causes air pressure to build up behind it and allows for specific sounds to be articulated.

What Are Differences Between Vowels and Consonants in Hindi?

Humans use speech to communicate with one another and this is done by producing different sounds. These sounds are produced when the breath that flows out through our mouth is blocked by our teeth, tongue, or lips. 

There are two types of speech sounds: vowels and consonants. It’s important to understand the differences between them for effective communication. 

Vowels are created when air passes freely through the mouth without being blocked or restricted in any way. Examples of vowels include “a,” “e,” “i,” “o” and “u.” Consonants, on the other hand, occur when air flow through the mouth is restricted in some way.

Conclusion Points 

The Hindi alphabet is a fascinating language that has been used in India since the ancient Vedic times.

It’s an official language of India and is widely used throughout South Asia. While other languages may have more letters, it’s still an important part of the region’s culture and history. 

In Total = 13 Vowels + 33 Consonants + 4 Combined consonants + 2 Binary consonants = 52 Letters.

So how many letters are in the Hindi alphabet? The answer is 52! The Hindi alphabet consists of 13 vowels, 39 consonants letter and other neutral sounds.


The Hindi language encompasses a variety of sounds, many of them different from other languages. One question that often comes up when discussing the language is that of consonants and vowels. 

This part of the article answers some Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) related to consonants and vowels in Hindi language to help readers better understand the nuances of the language. 

It provides a detailed explanation on how consonants and vowels are used in Hindi, including their pronunciation and usage.

Question – How many consonants are there in hindi?

Answer – The Hindi language is composed of 33 basic consonants and 4 combined consonants, which when taken together form a total of 37 consonant phonemes.

Further to this, there are two binary consonants which can be combined to create a total of 39 consonant sounds in the Hindi language. 

These binary consonants are known as conjuncts, and they consist of two or more joined consonants that modify each other’s sound.

Question – How many vowels are there in the Hindi language?

Answer – The Hindi language, due to its linguistic and cultural heritage, utilises a total of 13 vowels in its phonetic system. Specifically, these vowels consist of 11 basic vowel sounds and 2 additional complex vowel sounds.

Question – How many words are there in hindi?

Answer – The exact number of words in Hindi is difficult to calculate, as that would necessitate a thorough examination of the language’s lexicon and its various dialects. With a language as diverse and complex as Hindi, there are considerable variations between different geographical regions, age groups, and social classes. 

Estimations for the total number of unique linguistic forms range from an estimated 20-25 thousand to upwards of 40 thousand. When considering loanwords from English and other languages, that figure increases exponentially.

Question – How many consonants are there in the Hindi alphabet?

Answer – In the Hindi language, there are a total of 39 consonants, which includes 33 individual consonants and 4 combined consonants. 

Furthermore, 2 of these consonants are binary, meaning they can be articulated in two distinct ways depending on the context within which they are used.

As such, it is clear that the Hindi language boasts an impressive 39 consonants that contribute to its unique phonological structure.

Question – How many vowels and consonants are there in hindi?

Answer – The Hindi language consists of 13 vowels, which are phonemes that form the nucleus of a syllable and rely on an exogenous airstream for articulation.

Question – How many alphabets are there in hindi?

Answer – In Hindi, there are 13 vowels and 33 consonants, resulting in a total of 52 alphabets.

This is in contrast to English which only has 26 letters. The Hindi alphabet is also known as Devanagari script due to its origins from Sanskrit.

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